Warehousing basically involved two types of activities, inbound and outbound operations. Inbound activities consist of sourcing, expediting, receiving and storage while outbound activates involve picking, checking, packing, and transportation. Outbound processes are more work concentrated than inbound process, particularly order picking is the most labor-intensive work because for each SKU the picker have to travel to the storage location to retrieve the goods.
In transportation, there are different modes of transport by Air, Sea, and Land. Air transport is the fastest and most efficient method of transportation used by many companies. However, being the fastest and highest efficiency, it is also considered costlier compared to the other mode of transport. Sea transportation has the largest carrying capacity that is suitable for carrying bulky cargo over long distances. Although sea transportation will take a longer time to reach the destination, but the cost is lower and more affordable compared to Airfreight. Land transportation is flexible and also cheaper for small shipments regardless of distance, it is mainly used for local delivery within the country. For example, the company uses a truck to deliver products within Singapore.
The incoming process is crucial any receiving and delivery to the end-user will be delayed if there is a late delivery from the supplier. This will affect the company’s processes and reputation resulting in unnecessary costs incurred. Therefore, buyers must ensure all deliveries are made on time in order for the operation to run smoothly without any hiccups. On the other hand, the receiving personnel has the responsibility to check if all goods received are in good condition before accepting and endorsing the Delivery Note. Such as inspecting the quality, condition, and quantity of the incoming goods to match against the purchase order before entering the warehouse, and the receiving personnel must keep track of all incoming shipments into the warehouse and ensures that the right products are received and promptly stored in the warehouse.
Cross Docking Strategy
The objective of cross-docking is to reduce warehouse space and increase operational efficiency. Cross docking is often used when handling sensitive and perishable inventory. Two basic types of cross docking are pre-distribution and post-distribution. During pre-distribution goods are unloaded, sorted and repackaged in accordance with the predetermined instructions for distribution. In post-distribution sorting is delayed until the appropriate facility or customer is identified on the demand basis.
Advantages of cross-docking, streamline the supply chain from an origin location to destination location, quickens delivery of products to customers, less inventory handling means reduce labor cost and increase warehouse space. On top of that, it will reduce the amount of warehousing space required and risk of damaged inventory due to handling, and reduce transportation cost as well.
The put-away process includes the initial placement of goods, which will directly affect all subsequent warehouse processes, especially the picking process. If the put-away process that is not up to standards this may increase travel time when packaging and picking product. To avoid this, check out the following steps really to increase productivity and efficiency in the warehouse.
- Collect the correct data and analysis before putting away, such as product dimension, frequency of receipt, and current storage availability.
- Create a timeline, when items are received, receiving should be put away asap to help clear the receiving space and make fulfilling orders simpler and hassle-free.
- A modern WMS can seamlessly communicate with the ERP and expedite receiving capabilities and it will speed up the put-away process.
- Ensure items are placed correctly at the first attempt.
- Look for a system that can display real-time reports so you don’t have to search for products.
- Reducing travel time and creating a map to reduce travel time from the receiving area to the storage location of the final product is the key to optimizing the put-away process.
- Use direct put-away is a good practice to use in order to increase speed and efficiency. In this method, the goods are moved directly from the receiving area to its final destination without going through a transition phase.
- Keep warehouse clean and organized, a cluttered or disorganized warehouse will have an immediate impact on the put-away process. Even having the most modern warehouse technology and have a streamlined process, you need to keep your warehouse clean and organized to guarantee efficiency.
Outbound for Order from Customer
When an outbound order is received from a customer the warehouse management system (WMS) will check, identify and locate the picking surface of each SKU. The warehouse is divided into multiple picking zone where each picker will only be assigned to a specific zone. The WMS will direct warehouse associates to pick the items from the locations when it received an order. WMS is programmed to apply the most efficient picking mode to reduce walking distance and overlapping, thereby minimizing labor costs. As a 3PL third party, our goal is to minimize cost per order for fulfillment activities. Scan the pick items for each order (the system will update the inventory in the WMS) and save it for the next process packaging.
Picking and Packing for Outbound Orders
Picking and packing are the two core functions performed in the warehouse. These are important processes that can directly affect the operation KPI (Key Performance Indicators) if the process is not properly managed. After the order is picked, each order’s items will be compiled and placed along with dunnage, and the packer will choose the appropriate over pack box type and put the intermediate box into an over pack box and sealed. The printed shipping label is then affixed. Quality check measures to take place at this stage to ensure the correct orders were picked. Other checks include order accuracy, packaging suitability, and label accuracy. Once the quality check is complete, the finished packages are staged for carrier pickup.
Automated Shipping System
For the shipping process, a warehouse operation has its own agreements with their shipping partners. Shipping automation refers to the setting of automatic rules that allow the warehouse operation to speed up the shipping flow. Automated shipping rules can be setup based on the specific characteristics of the product and the destination. If it decides to use DHL Express to ship all orders weighing less than 15 kg, or to use DHL global freight forwarders to ship all orders over 16 kg, the warehouse shipping staff can create a specific automatic rule, and all orders with this feature are handled by the specific courier. The goal of automated shipping is to streamline and simplify the process of order fulfillment through a smart automated shipping software program that manages all the main tasks.
An effective warehouse should be modern with powerful technology systems to ensure effective and efficient operations which will bring profits to the organization. In addition, it should have a good warehouse management system that helps to control and manage daily operations. The inbound warehousing operation is an extremely critical process in the logistics field of the supply chain. Inbound operation is a core process in the company, and it is a first step in the warehouse and affects the most in the final output. On the other hand, having a good management strategy and efficient combination with outbound operations. Efficient and streamlined warehouse operation is one of the most important functions in the warehouse, and the warehouse management needs to be reviewed and revised regularly to obtain optimum performance.
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Mavis Lim Chow Yee, DLSM. (2020). “Effective Warehousing for Inbound and Outbound Operations”. Retrieved from: https://sipmm.edu.sg/effective-warehousing-inbound-outbound-operations, accessed 06/09/2020.
Ng Li Hsia Alicia, DLSM. (2019). “Best Practices for Managing Warehouse Inventory”. Retrieved from: https://sipmm.edu.sg/best-practices-managing-warehouse-inventory, accessed 08/09/2020.