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About the Author: Joe Qiao has substantive experiences in managing global supply chain under 3PL/4PL environments, where products range from consumer electronics to FMCG products. During the last decade, he has worked in China, the Netherlands, and Singapore. Joe Qiao holds a Master degree in Finance and a Bachelor degree in Business Administration from Erasmus University (Netherlands). Joe is a member of the Singapore Institute of Purchasing and Materials Management (SIPMM), and has completed the Advanced Diploma in Procurement and Supply Management (ADPSM) course on January 2019 at SIPMM.